Torino Football Club, commonly referred to as Torino or simply Toro, is a professional Italian football club based in Turin, Piedmont, that plays in Serie A. Founded as Foot-Ball Club Torino in 1906, Torino are among the most successful clubs in Italy with seven league titles, including five consecutive league titles at the time of the Grande Torino, widely recognised as one of the strongest teams of the 1940s. That entire team was killed in the 1949 Superga air disaster. They have also won the Coppa Italia five times, the last of which was in the 1992–93 season. Internationally, Torino won the Mitropa Cup in 1991 and were finalists in the UEFA Cup in 1991–92. Torino plays all of its home games at the Stadio Olimpico Grande Torino (also known as the Stadio Comunale “Vittorio Pozzo” until 2006). The club’s colour is maroon, and its symbol is a rampant bull, the traditional symbol of the city of Turin, of which the club’s nickname is derived, “Il Toro” (The Bull). In the city of Turin, the game of football arrived at the end of the 19th century, first introduced by the industrial Swiss and English. By 1887, Football & Cricket Club – the oldest Italian football club – had already been founded in the capital of Piedmont, followed in 1889 by Nobili Torino. In 1891 the two clubs merged to form Internazionale Torino, after which Football Club Torinese was founded in 1894. The new game quickly supplanted the popularity of pallapugno, which led to the foundation of the football sections of the sports club Ginnastica Torino and Juventus. In 1900, Football Club Torinese absorbed Internazionale Torino, but the real turning point for the club arrived on 3 December 1906: at the Voigt brewery (now bar Norman) of Via Pietro Micca, when an alliance was formed with a group of Juventus dissidents, led by the Swiss financier Alfred Dick, who disagreed with the professionalism of Juventus. The first uniform used by Torino only a few days after the foundation and the first game of its history against Pro Vercelli was striped orange and black, referring to the kits used by Internazionale Torino and Football Club Torinese, the historical progenitors of the newly born club. Incidentally the colours were too similar to that of the Habsburgs, historical enemies of the then ruling Italian house and considered inappropriate. Given the need to adopt a definitive color the founders opted in the end for granata, a dark red, similar to burgundy. The most accepted story is that it was adopted in honour of the Duke of the Abruzzi and the House of Savoy, which, after the victorious liberation of Turin from the French in 1706, adopted a blood-colored handkerchief in honour of a messenger killed bringing the news of victory. The Torino club badge has always featured a rampant bull, the symbol of the city of Turin. The current badge was adopted in the 2005–06 season; the first after the bankruptcy of Torino Calcio. The “1906” on the left side of the shield was later added to recall the founding year of the historic Foot-Ball Club Torino. In the 1980s, the Torino badge was square in shape with a stylised bull and the words “Torino Calcio.” This badge is still very much loved by the fans, and in 2013 it was voted by the readers of Guerin Sportivo as the most beautiful club logo of all time.
Il Torino Football Club, meglio conosciuto come Torino, è una società calcistica italiana con sede nella città omonima. Già nel 1887 nel capoluogo piemontese nasce la compagine rossonera del Torino Football & Cricket Club – la più antica squadra calcistica italiana – ma il club odierno, rifondato nel 2005, è la continuazione dello storico sodalizio sorto il 3 dicembre 1906 dalla fusione tra il Football Club Torinese e soci dissidenti del Foot-Ball Club Juventus che non condividevano la svolta verso il professionismo della società bianconera. Tra i club più blasonati d’Italia, vanta la conquista di 7 campionati italiani, compresa una striscia di 5 titoli consecutivi (record a pari merito con Juventus e Inter). Disputa le gare interne allo stadio Olimpico Grande Torino. Il colore sociale è il granata, tinta già propria di quella “Brigata Savoia” che aveva contribuito a liberare la Torino capitale dell’allora Ducato di Savoia, da cui l’appellativo di Granata ai suoi giocatori. L’icona rappresentativa è un toro rampante, figura araldica simbolo della città torinese, da cui il principale soprannome del club, il Toro.
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