Associazione Calcio Milan, commonly referred to as A.C. Milan or simply Milan, is a professional football club in Milan, Italy, founded in 1899. The club has spent its entire history, with the exception of the 1980–81 and 1982–83 seasons, in the top flight of Italian football, known as Serie A since 1929–30. With 18 officially recognised UEFA and FIFA titles, they are the fourth most successful club in the world and the most successful Italian club at international level. Milan has won a joint record three Intercontinental Cups and one FIFA Club World Cup, seven European Cup/Champions League titles (Italian record), the UEFA Super Cup a joint record five times and the Cup Winners’ Cup twice. With 18 league titles, Milan is the joint-second most successful club in Serie A, along with local rivals Internazionale and behind Juventus (33). They have also won the Coppa Italia five times, and the Supercoppa Italiana seven. Milan’s home games are played at San Siro, also known as the Stadio Giuseppe Meazza. The stadium, which is shared with city rivals Internazionale, is the largest in Italian football, with a total capacity of 80,018. Inter are considered their biggest rivals, and matches between the two teams are called Derby della Madonnina, which is one of the most followed derbies in football. The former owner of the club was former Italian prime minister Silvio Berlusconi, who owned the club for 31 years. The club is one of the wealthiest in Italian and world football. It was a founding member of the now-defunct G-14 group of Europe’s leading football clubs as well as its replacement, the European Club Association. A.C. Milan was founded as Milan Cricket and Foot-Ball Club on 13 December 1899 by English expatriates Alfred Edwards and Herbert Kilpin, who came from the English city of Nottingham. In honour of its English origins, the club has retained the English spelling of the city’s name, as opposed to the Italian spelling Milano, which it was forced to bear under the fascist regime. Milan won its first Italian championship in 1901 and a further two in succession in 1906 and 1907. In 1908, Milan experienced a split caused by internal disagreements over the signing of foreign players, which led to the forming of another Milan-based team, F.C. Internazionale Milano. Following these events, Milan did not manage to win a single domestic title until 1950–51. Red and black are the colours which have represented the club throughout its entire history. They were chosen to represent the players’ fiery ardor (red) and the opponents’ fear to challenge the team (black). Rossoneri, the team’s widely used nickname, literally means “the red & blacks” in Italian, in reference to the colours of the stripes on its jersey. Another nickname derived from the club’s colours is the Devil. An image of a red devil was used as Milan’s logo at one point with a Golden Star for Sport Excellence located next to it. As is customary in Italian football, the star above the logo was awarded to the club after winning 10 league titles, in 1979. For many years, Milan’s badge was simply the Flag of Milan, which was originally the flag of Saint Ambrose. The modern badge used today represents the club colours and the flag of the Comune di Milano, with the acronym ACM at the top and the foundation year (1899) at the bottom.
L’Associazione Calcio Milan S.p.A., nota anche come A.C. Milan o Milan, è una società calcistica italiana con sede nella città di Milano. Fondata il 13 dicembre 1899 col nome di Milan Foot-Ball and Cricket Club, ebbe come vice presidente il capitano della squadra di cricket Edward Nathan Berra. Durante tutta la sua storia il Milan ha avuto come colori distintivi il rosso e il nero. Tali colori furono scelti per rappresentare il fuoco dei diavoli milanisti (rosso) e la paura degli avversari nell’affrontarli (nero). Nonostante i primi successi, nel 1908 un gruppo di soci, in disaccordo sul tesseramento dei giocatori stranieri, lasciò i rossoneri per fondare un nuovo sodalizio, il Football Club Internazionale Milano. La squadra milita nella Serie A del campionato italiano di calcio, dove ha giocato pressoché stabilmente: dalla sua introduzione nella stagione 1929-1930, infatti, ha partecipato a 82 campionati di Serie A a girone unico su 84. Lo stemma riporta i colori sociali rosso e nero a sinistra e la bandiera del Comune di Milano (una croce rossa su sfondo bianco) sulla destra, con la sigla ACM sopra e l’anno della fondazione (1899) sotto. È la terza squadra al mondo per numero di titoli internazionali conquistati (18), a pari merito con il Boca Juniors e alle spalle del Real Madrid.
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