Juventus Football Club S.p.A. (from Latin iuventūs, “youth”), colloquially known as Juve, is a professional Italian football club in Turin, Piedmont. Founded in 1897 by some Torinese students, the club has worn a black and white striped home kit since 1903 and had played home matches in different grounds around its city, being the latest the 41,507-capacity Juventus Stadium. Nicknamed Vecchia Signora (“the Old Lady”), the club is the most successful in Italian football and leads the historical Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio (FIGC) ranking, having won also more trophies overall than any other club in the country: sixty-three, including a record thirty-three official league titles, a record twelve Coppa Italia titles, a record seven national supercups titles, two Intercontinental Cups, two European Champion Clubs’ Cup and UEFA Champions Leagues, one European Cup Winners’ Cup, three UEFA Cups, two UEFA Super Cups and one UEFA Intertoto Cup, making it also one of the most decorated clubs at international level.Founded with the name of Sport-Club Juventus, initially as a athletics club, it is the second oldest of its kind still active in the country after Genoa’s football section (1893) and has competed uninterruptedly in the top flight league (reformulated as Serie A from 1929) since its debut in 1900, with the exception of the 2006–07 season, being managed by the industrial Agnelli family almost continuously since 1923. The relationship between the club and that dynasty is the oldest and longest in national sports, making Juventus the first professional sporting club in the country, having established itself as a major force in the national stage since the 1930s and at confederation level since the mid-1970s and becoming one of the first ten wealthiest in world football in terms of value, revenue and profit since mid-1990s, being stocked in Borsa italiana since 2001. Juventus were founded as Sport-Club Juventus in late 1897 by pupils from the Massimo D’Azeglio lyceum school in Turin, but were renamed as Foot-Ball Club Juventus two years later. The club joined the Italian Football Championship during 1900. In 1904, the businessman Ajmone-Marsan revived the finances of the football club Juventus, making it also possible to transfer the training field from piazza d’armi to the more appropriate Velodrome Umberto I. During this period, the team wore a pink and black kit. Juventus first won the league championship in 1905 while playing at their Velodrome Umberto I ground. By this time the club colours had changed to black and white stripes, inspired by English side Notts County. There was a split at the club in 1906, after some of the staff considered moving Juve out of Turin. President Alfred Dick was unhappy with this and left with some prominent players to found FBC Torino which in turn spawned the Derby della Mole. Juventus spent much of this period steadily rebuilding after the split, surviving the First World War. Juventus’s official emblem has undergone different and small modifications since the 1920s. The previous modification of the Juventus badge took place in 2004, when the emblem of the team changed to a black-and-white oval shield of a type used by Italian ecclesiastics. It is divided in five vertical stripes: two white stripes and three black stripes, inside which are the following elements, while in its upper section the name of the society superimposed on a white convex section, over golden curvature (gold for honour). The white silhouette of a charging bull is in the lower section of the oval shield, superimposed on a black old French shield and the charging bull is a symbol of the comune of Turin. There is also a black silhouette of a mural crown above the black spherical triangle’s base. This is a reminiscence to Augusta Tourinorum, the old city of the Roman era which the present capital of Piedmont region is its cultural heiress. In January 2017, president Andrea Agnelli announced the most recent change to the Juventus badge, revealing a video showing the introduction of the new badge. The badge shows the word Juventus on top, with two capital Js shown together in different fonts with a small opening between them to almost make a bigger J. Agnelli said that the badge reflects “the Juventus way of living”. Juventus was the first team in association football history to adopt a star who added one above their badge in 1958 to represent their tenth Italian Football Championship and Serie A title, at the time and has since become popularized with other clubs as well.

La Juventus Football Club S.p.A. (dal latino: iuventūs, gioventù) nota anche come Juventus o, più brevemente, Juve, è una società calcistica italiana per azioni con sede nella città di Torino. Fondata l’1 novembre 1897 come Sport-Club Juventus per iniziativa di un gruppo di studenti del liceo classico “Massimo d’Azeglio”, che usava ritrovarsi in corso Re Umberto su una panchina, custodita dal 2012 nel museo del club, è la seconda squadra di calcio italiana per anzianità tra quelle tuttora attive – dopo quella del Genoa. Legata fin dagli anni 1920 alla famiglia Agnelli, il club ha militato stabilmente nella massima categoria del campionato italiano di calcio (dal 1929 denominata Serie A) sin dalla sua fondazione, eccezion fatta per la stagione 2006-07. La prima maglia della squadra fu rosa, con cravatta o papillon nero. Nel 1903 divenne bianconera. La Juventus è la società calcistica più titolata del Paese, nonché una delle più vittoriose e importanti del mondo, essendo stata nominata come miglior club italiano e secondo a livello europeo del XX secolo dalla Federazione Internazionale di Storia e Statistica del Calcio, organizzazione riconosciuta dalla FIFA.

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