Genoa Cricket and Football Club, commonly referred to simply as Genoa, is a professional Italian football club based in the city of Genoa, Liguria. Established on 7 September 1893, it is Italy’s oldest football team currently active and the fourth overall. During their long history, Genoa have won the Italian Championship nine times. Genoa’s first title came at the inaugural championship in 1898 and their most recent was in 1923–24. They also won the Coppa Italia once. Historically, Genoa is the fourth most successful Italian club in terms of championships won. The club was founded on 7 September 1893 as Genoa Cricket & Athletic Club. In its earliest years, it principally competed in athletics and cricket. Association football was secondarily practised. Since the club was set up to represent England abroad, the original shirts worn by the organisation were white, the same colour as the England national team shirt. At first Italians were not permitted to join as it was a British sporting club abroad. Genoa’s activities took place in the north-west of the city in the Campasso area, at the Piazza d’Armi. Not long into the club’s footballing history, the kit was changed to white and blue stripes in 1899; the blue was chosen to represent the sea as Genoa is a port city. In 1901 the club finally settled for their most famous red and blue halves shirt, this gained them the nickname of rossoblu together with Bologna, Cagliari and many more minor clubs. One of the nicknames of Genoa is Il Grifone which means “the griffin”; this is derived from the coat of arms belonging to the city of Genoa. The coat of arms features two golden griffins, either side of the St George’s Cross. The presence of the St. George’s Cross on the crest does not reflect the club’s English founders; rather, the cross is present on both the flag and coat of arms of the city of Genoa. St. George was also the patron saint of the former Republic of Genoa. The actual club badge of Genoa Cricket and Football Club is heavily derived from the city coat of arms, but also incorporated the club’s red and blue colours.
Il Genoa Cricket and Football Club, meglio noto come Genoa, è una società calcistica italiana con sede nella città di Genova. Fra le squadre italiane, è quella in possesso del più antico documento scritto attestante la nascita, avvenuta il 7 settembre 1893, ed è la più longeva fra quelle ancora in attività. Nel 2011 viene inserita nell’International Bureau of Cultural Capitals (una sorta di patrimonio sportivo storico dell’umanità) sotto richiesta del presidente Tudela. Nel 2013 inoltre è stato ammesso nel Club of Pioneers, associazione che raggruppa i club di calcio più antichi del mondo e che già comprende lo Sheffield e il Recreativo de Huelva. La casacca del Genoa è composta dai colori rosso e blu a quarti, calzoncini blu e calzettoni rosso-blu a strisce orizzontali. Il simbolo del club è il Grifone, figura araldica costituita dall’incrocio tra un’aquila e un leone, presente sullo stemma della città di Genova quale sostegno. Un’altra variante del logo è utilizzata durante gli anni Novanta: al centro dello scudetto vi è sempre il grifone, ma nella parte superiore appare la scritta genoa in giallo su sfondo rosso e nella parte inferiore l’anno di fondazione del club.