ACF Fiorentina, commonly referred to as simply Fiorentina, is a professional Italian football club from Florence, Tuscany. Founded by a merger in 1926, and refounded in 2002 following bankruptcy, Fiorentina have played at the top level of Italian football for the majority of their existence; only four clubs have played in more Serie A seasons. Associazione Calcio Fiorentina was founded in the autumn of 1926 by local noble and National Fascist Party member Luigi Ridolfi, who initiated the merger of two older Florentine clubs, CS Firenze and PG Libertas. The aim of the merger was to give Florence a strong club to rival those of the more dominant Italian Football Championship sides of the time from Northwest Italy. Also influential was the cultural revival and rediscovery of Calcio Fiorentino, an ancestor of modern football that was played by members of the Medici family. When Fiorentina was founded, the players wore red and white halved shirts derived from the colour of the city emblem. The more well-known and highly distinctive purple kit was adopted in 1928 and has been used ever since, giving rise to the nickname La Viola (“The Purple (team)”). Tradition has it that Fiorentina got their purple kit by mistake after an accident washing the old red and white coloured kits in the river. The official emblem of the city of Florence, a red fleur-de-lis on a white field, has been pivotal in the all-round symbolism of the club. Over the course of the club’s history, they have had several badge changes, all of which incorporated Florence’s fleur-de-lis in some way. The first one was nothing more than the city’s coat of arms, a white shield with the red fleur-de-lis inside. It was soon changed to a very stylised fleur-de-lis, always red, and sometimes even without the white field. The most common symbol, adopted for about 20 years, had been a white lozenge with the flower inside. During the season they were Italian champions, the lozenge disappeared and the flower was overlapped with the scudetto.
L’ACF Fiorentina (“Associazione Calcio Firenze” e “Associazione Fiorentina del Calcio” nel 1926, “Associazione Calcio Fiorentina” dal 1927 al 2002 e “Florentia Viola” nel 2002-2003), più comunemente nota come Fiorentina, è una società calcistica italiana con sede nella città di Firenze, fondata il 26 agosto 1926 dal marchese Luigi Ridolfi Vay da Verrazzano. Il colore sociale è il viola, scelta cromatica voluta espressamente dallo stesso Ridolfi nel 1929. Altri segni distintivi della società sono la Canzone viola, inno ufficiale composto da Marcello Manni e reinterpretato nel 1965 da Narciso Parigi, e lo stemma, caratterizzato da un giglio rosso su sfondo bianco, simbolo della città toscana. Inizialmente, la sede delle partite casalighe era lo Stadio Velodromo Libertas, mentre dal 1931 la squadra disputa i propri incontri casalinghi nello Stadio Artemio Franchi.
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